The ideas of mcluhan and ong, or the orality-literacy school as it is sometimes called, have often been represented as sentimentalizing oral cultures while at the same time stigmatizing the supposedly alienating effects of print. Comparative analysis of serbo-croatian oral, imitation oral (na narodnu), and literary texts views elaborate-style repetition as characteristic of oral texts and as contributing to the seeming orality of the na narodnu samples. Moreover, walter ong set the standard and demonstrated the possibilities for scholarship in the media ecology intellectual tradition, and neil postman exemplified the practice of media ecology analysis by a public intellectual engaged in social criticism.
Characteristics of oral scribal and typographical cultures остальные работы-реферат in this essay the paper is to discuss the characteristics of oral, scribal and typographical in the light of mcluhan and ong s work. Ong (1982) summarises the techniques used by the oral epic poets: in a primary oral culture, to solve effectively the problem of retaining and retrieving carefully articulated thought, you have to do your thinking in mnemonic patterns, shaped for ready oral recurrence. One prominent scholar in the field is elizabeth eisenstein, who contrasted print culture, walter ong, by contrast, has contrasted written culture, including scribal, to oral culture ong is generally considered one of the first scholars to define print culture in contrast to oral culture.
There were three distinct periods according to marshall mcluhan the first era was the oral tradition people used the kind, sound, and light, or simple symbols and graphics to convey information. Oral, scribal and typographical in the light of in this essay the paper is to discuss the characteristics of oral, scribal and typographical in the light of mcluhan and ongs work to enable the paper to do this effectively the paper will discuss the importance of each, mentioned, styles of communication discussing their strength and w. Egyptian scribal palettes with ink huygens's wave or pulse theory of light the inheritance of acquired characteristics 1810 nicholas appert issues.
The introduction of printing into england created new opportunities for the renaissance poet to represent himself more forcefully as a literary artist concerned with the well-being or improvement of his culture and to make public his desire for recognition as a contributor to england's literary heritage. Notes material which has not been seen by contributors is not indexed authors such as seamus heaney, who are both authors of criticism and subjects of discussion, are listed in whichever index is appropriate for each reference. In the field of media ecology, defined as the study of media as environments, media and medium, and ecology and environment are key terms, while information, although commonly employed, is generally used without reference to a specific definition.
Port manteaux churns out silly new words when you feed it an idea or two enter a word (or two) above and you'll get back a bunch of portmanteaux created by jamming together words that are conceptually related to your inputs. See also the seminal studies of marshall mcluhan 1962 and walter ong 2002, who rely less on goody [ back ] 13 see his trilogy of major studies, goody 1977, 1986, 1987, and 2000, which is a convenient summary restatement of his views. Marshall mcluhan, somewhere, is getting quite a chuckle out of douglas coupland's biography of the prophet of the digital age, if only because coupland's imaginative recounting has refashioned the typographical media of the book (a keystone subject of mcluhan's work) to reflect the impact of the digital media on its aging ancester. Published by blackwell publishers, 350 main street, malden, ma 02148, and 108 cowley road, oxford, ox4 1jf, uk.
As brian stock has documented, scribal culture draws extensively and simultaneously upon the oral no less than the written components of language scribal documents, for example, frequently tend to be records of oral acts, ancillary to a reality conceived in physical, personal, and verbal terms. Municipalities and the mega-event: a comparative urban analysis of hamilton and melbourne investigating the political context surrounding a bid for the right to host a commonwealth games m sproule-jones. Intermediate between the oral and the printed text lies the domain of the handwritten text this chapter indicates that in the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, a new composition might be circulated in any one of oral, written or printed form, or in any two or all three of these.