The strange situation was devised by ainsworth & wittig (1969) and was based on ainsworth's previous uganda (1967) and later baltimore studies (ainsworth et al, 1971, 1978) mary ainsworth's (1971, 1978) observational study of individual differences in attachment is described below. The biggest flaw of ainsworth's strange situation is the fact that it may not measure the attachment type of the infant but rather the quality of the relationship between the infant and caregiver. Bowlby established the foundation for ainsworth's attachment theory like bowlby, ainsworth also believed in the control systems but went a step further with the strange situation, which splits attachment up into three types: secure, avoidant, and resistant. Ainsworth is best known for developing the research assessment tool called the strange situation, where toddlers are observed for their responses to separations and reunions with their mothers.
Outline mary ainsworth's 'strange situation' study and discuss how this has influenced our understanding of the importance of a child's attachment to the primary caregiver in 1970 mary ainsworth expanded greatly upon bowblys original work and devised an experiment called the strange situation. Ainsworth's intention was that the strange situation be used in western society to induce degrees of anxiety in infants similar to those evoked among ugandan children (cole, 1992) nevertheless, the procedure has been employed as a standardized measure of attachment within all cultures. Mary ainsworth's strange situation is now basic to understandings of infant-parent interactions, child developmental psychology and, thus, later emotional development.
Ainsworth's strange situation procedure: the origin of an instrument when ainsworth published the first results of the ssp in 1969, it seemed a completely novel and unique instrument however, in this paper we will show that the ssp had many precursors and that the road to such an instrument was long and winding. The ainsworth strange situation this powerpoint set consists of 132 slides illustrating the ainsworth strange situation procedure it was designed for use in lecture. In ainsworth's original sample, all six c infants showed so much distress in the course of the episodes of the strange situation procedure 'that observations had to be discontinued'  one percent of infants had responded with high degree of passivity and inactivity in a situation of helpless settings.
The strange situation was created and tested in the usa, which means that it may be culturally biased (ethnocentric), as it will reflect the norms and values of american culture for example, the belief that attachment is related to anxiety on separation. Outline the procedure used in ainsworth's strange situation and the classifications of attachment that result in the original study, 10-to-24 month old infants were subjected to a strange setting - which involved the parent briefly leaving the child alone in a room and then returning. The original method, developed by the influential psychologist mary ainsworth, is the laboratory procedure called the strange situation (ainsworth et al 1978) typically, the strange situation tests how babies or young children respond to the temporary absence of their mothers. Ainsworth's study strange situation showed that bonding between mother and infant has an effect on the infant's behavior and development.
The strange situation ainsworth based her test on one of the most basic human emotions: fear as the baby becomes attached to its caregivers, after about six months, it starts to display fear in two easily repeatable situations. The strange situation this is a method devised by ainsworth and bell to measure the type of attachment that a child has formed it uses many terms and concepts that you should already be familiar with from earlier work in the topic, eg glasgow babies and the love quiz.
The american-canadian psychologist mary ainsworth (1913-1999) developed the strange situation procedure (ssp) to measure mother-child attachment and attachment theorists have used it ever since. Mary ainsworth's research work on attachment helps us to understand the child development better today, the technique of ainsworth's strange situation is commonly used in psychiatry and psychology to examine the attachment pattern between mother and a child.
American developmental psychologist mary ainsworth elaborated on bowlby's work through her own experiments, such as the strange situation protocol, in which she explored anxieties and identified. The strange situation test assumes that behaviour has the same meaning in all cultures, when in fact social constructions of behaviour differ therefore, the usefulness of the strange situation in assessing attachment across cultures may be limited by the subjectivity inherent in observation and interpretation of behaviour. Ainsworth's study strange situation showed that bonding between mother and infant has an effect on the infant's behavior and development how mother's respond to their infant's signals is major in the development of mother and infant relationships.